The official language of Russia is Russian. Russian language emerged on the basis east-Slavic languages: with Russian state establishment there came the need to develop average dialect equally understandable to all tribes.
The actual writing system emerged in Russia only after the adoption of Christianity.
In addition to the national language, in some republics of the Russian Federation native languages are spoken (e.g. in Buryatia, Ingushetia, Kalmykia, North Ossetia, Dagestan, Mordovia).
The languages of other countries are also used in Russia: Ukrainian, Belarusian, Kazakh, Kirghiz, Azerbaijani, German, Latvian, Bulgarian, Finnish, Estonian, Armenian, Georgian, Greek, etc.
Test of Russian as a Foreign Language (TROFL) is a contemporary test of Russian language for a foreign citizens in compliance with the best European Quality Standards.
TROFL consists of 6 different levels:
Elementary Level (60 Hrs)
Basic Level (60Hrs)
The First Certification Level (60 Hrs)
The Second Level Certification (60 Hrs)
The Third Level Certification (60Hrs)
The Fourth Level Certification ( 60Hrs)
Russian Language competence is measured in 5 parts: