Indian Languages

Indian Languages

The languages of India belong to several language families. The largest of these in terms of speakers is the Indo-European family, predominantly represented in its Indo-Aryan branch (accounting for some 700 million speakers, or 69% of the population), but also including minority languages such as Persian, Portuguese or French, and English as a lingua franca. Kashmiri and other languages, which form part of the Indo-Iranian, and arguably Indo-Aryan family, have some 4.6 million speakers in India.

Member of the Indo-Aryan group within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is the preferred official language of India, although much national business is also done in English and the other languages recognized in the Indian constitution. In India, Hindi is spoken as a first language by nearly 425 million people and as a second language by some 120 million more. d Uganda.

Literary Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, has been strongly influenced by Sanskrit. Its standard form is based on the Khari Boli dialect, found to the north and east of Delhi.

Course: Two Months . Reading Writing and Speaking

Course material will be provided.

Kannada language, also called Kanarese or Kannana, member of the Dravidian language family and the official language of the state of Karnataka in southern India. Kannada is also spoken in the states that border Karnataka. Early 21st-century census data indicated that some 38 million individuals spoke Kannada as their first language; another 9 to 10 million were thought to speak it as a secondary language. In 2008 the government of India granted Kannada classical-language status.

Kannada is the second oldest of the four major Dravidian languages with a literary tradition.. The Kannada script evolved from southern varieties of the Ashokan Brahmi script. The Kannada script is closely related to the Telugu script; both emerged from an Old Kannarese (Karnataka) script. Three historical stages are recognised: Old Kannada (450–1200 ce), Middle Kannada (1200–1700 ce), and Modern Kannada (1700 ce–present).

The word order is subject–object–verb, as in the other Dravidian languages. Verbs are marked for person, number, and gender. The case-marking pattern is nominative-accusative, with experiencer subjects taking the dative inflection. Most inflection is rendered through affixation, especially of suffixes. The language uses typical Dravidian retroflex consonants (sounds pronounced with the tip of the tongue curled back against the roof of the mouth), such as /ḍ/, /ṇ/, and /ṭ/, as well as a series of voiced and voiceless aspirates borrowed from the Indo-Aryan language family.

Course: Two Months . Reading Writing and Speaking.

Course material will be provided.

Malayalam is spoken mainly in India, where it is the official language of the state of Kerala and the union territory of Lakshadweep.
Malayalam has three important regional dialects and a number of smaller ones. There is some difference in dialect along social, particularly caste, lines
Like the Dravidian languages generally, Malayalam has a series of retroflex consonants (/ḍ/, /ṇ/, and /ṭ/) made by curling the tip of the tongue back to the roof of the mouth. It uses subject–object–verb word order and has a nominative-accusative case-marking pattern. Its pronominal system has “natural” gender, a form that marks the gender of humans masculine or feminine while designating all nonhuman nouns as neuter. Inflection is generally marked via suffixation. Unlike other Dravidian languages, Malayalam inflects its finite verb only for tense—not for person, number, or gender.
Course: Two Months . Reading Writing and Speaking

Level Basic
Duration 2Months
Study material Will be provided by the institute
Course Content Reading, Writing, Grammar, Communication
Course Syllabus Schedule Reading & Writing - 15 hrs. (appx.) Grammar & Communication- 15 hrs. (appx.) * The candidate can attend the Communication classes till the time he/she attains verbal fluency and anytime later
Batches Contact office for information
Tamil Nadu, formerly known as Madras State, is located in the south eastern side of Indian peninsula with Kanyakumari as the southernmost tip of the land. This tip is the meeting point of Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean and Arabian sea. Tamil Nadu has a long eastern coastline dotted with enchanting beaches with Bay of Bengal in the east. Arabian sea and the states of Kerala and Karnataka form the boundary in the west. The state is bounded in the north by the states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. It spans an area of about 130,058 km² and the population of the state is over 62,110,839. The state is watered by several perennial rain fed rivers and the 760 kilometre long Cauvery travels the entire breadth of the state. The state language is Tamil and the main religions in the state are Hinduism, Christianity, Islam and Jainism. With forested slopes of the majestic hills of the Western Ghats, profuse incense of the towering temples and gopurams, vibrant festivals of music and dance, shimmering silk fabrics of brilliant colours, and an endless array of silver lined beaches, Tamil Nadu also boasts of being the land of Dravidian culture and tradition.

Andhra Pradesh, the third largest state in India is said to have been the home of the Pre- Dravidian inhabitants. Andhra region witnessed the rule of Chandragupta Maurya during which it established itself as an independent kingdom. The state located in South India, is bounded by Tamil Nadu in the south, Maharashtra in the North and North-West, Madhya Pradesh in the North-East, Karnataka in the West, and the Bay of Bengal in the East. The medieval city of Hyderabad is its capital. The main languages spoken here are Telugu, English, Urdu and Hindi. State Bird -Indian roller State Animal - Black buck State Flower - To be declared State Tree - Neem
The Andhra Pradesh State Legislative Assembly at the centre of Hyderabad City. Kuchipudi, the traditional dance of Andhra Pradesh.
Area 2,75,068 SqKm
Capital Hyderabad
Language Telugu and Urdu
Districts 23
Literacy 45.11 % (1991 census)